Applications of Projectile Motion in Real Life and Technological Advancements

  • Krisn Pratap Meena Assistant Professor, Department of Mathematics, S.R.R.M. Govt. College, Nawalgarh, Rajasthan, India
  • Sandeep Sharma Assistant Professor, Department of Physics, S.R.R.M. Govt. College, Jhunjhunu, Rajasthan, India
Keywords: projectile motion, ballistic, trajectory, mechanics, closed-form, numerical, aerodynamic


Projectile motion is a form of motion experienced by an object or particle (a projectile) that is projected in a gravitational field, such as from Earth's surface, and moves along a curved path under the action of gravity only. In the particular case of projectile motion of Earth, most calculations assume the effects of air resistance are passive and negligible. The curved path of objects in projectile motion was shown by Galileo to be a parabola, but may also be a straight line in the special case when it is thrown directly upwards. The study of such motions is called ballistics, and such a trajectory is a ballistic trajectory. The only force of mathematical significance that is actively exerted on the object is gravity, which acts downward, thus imparting to the object a downward acceleration towards the Earth’s center of mass. Because of the object's inertia, no external force is needed to maintain the horizontal velocity component of the object's motion. Taking other forces into account, such as aerodynamic drag or internal propulsion (such as in a rocket), requires additional analysis. A ballistic missile is a missile only guided during the relatively brief initial powered phase of flight, and whose remaining course is governed by the laws of classical mechanics. The elementary equation of ballistics neglect nearly every factor except for initial velocity and an assumed constant gravitational acceleration. Practical solutions of a ballistics problem often require considerations of air resistance, cross winds, target motion, varying acceleration due to gravity, and in such problems as launching a rocket from one point on the Earth to another, the rotation of the Earth. Detailed mathematical solutions of practical problems typically do not have closed-form solutions, and therefore require numerical methods to address.


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How to Cite
Meena, K. P., & Sharma, S. (2022). Applications of Projectile Motion in Real Life and Technological Advancements. Central Asian Journal of Theoretical and Applied Science, 3(11), 226-236. Retrieved from