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The internet revolution has undoubtedly changed how humans go about living their lives. One sector that has embraced the age of the internet is the field of diplomacy. Researchers and practitioners have taken a keen interest in developing and finding new ways to enhance their interactions with both the public and other diplomatic missions, leading to the creation of digital diplomacy. It is important to address this recent phenomenon since it has attracted a great deal of interest, controversy, and speculation. This paper aims to initially trace and analyse the evolution of the term and then focus on the increasing chatter about the employment of artificial intelligence (AI) technologies in the determination of foreign policy and its implementation. The paper is anchored on sociotechnical theory. A qualitative research design was employed for the study. Academic literature, opinion pieces, and newspaper publications were used as secondary sources in this investigation. The paper argues that although the internet has created positive tools for diplomats and statesmen to engage in public diplomacy, there is unnecessary guesswork over the use of AI in diplomacy in Africa continent. Also, the use of artificial intelligence in diplomacy plays several roles in state recognition, which make it an effective instrument for fostering ties between governments that have just been founded in Africa continent and those that have been around for a long time. AI enhances the practice of diplomacy in the 21st century. The revolution in the digital world has changed the trajectory of diplomacy. It has bridged the problems of time and space. It gives insight to diplomats on various event beyond their imagination. Based on the major findings, the paper recommended among others, diplomats should be trained on the use of technology in the art of diplomacy. This could be done through seminars and conferences. This would help diplomats in meeting the challenges of the 21st century diplomacy. A specialized fund should be provided for diplomats mostly from Africa continent. This would assist them in adopting the latest state-of-the-art facilities in diplomatic activities like their counterparts in the western world.


Technology Digital Foreign Policy Multilateral and Diplomats

Article Details

How to Cite
Miegbam, A. T., & Bariledum, D. K. (2022). Artificial Intelligence and Diplomacy in the 21st Century: The African Perspective. Central Asian Journal of Theoretical and Applied Science, 3(10), 49-65. Retrieved from


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